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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____ to _____

Commission File Number: 001-39896

PLAYTIKA HOLDING CORP.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware81-3634591
(State of other jurisdiction(I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation or organization)Identification No.)
c/o Playtika Ltd.
HaChoshlim St 8
Herzliya Pituarch, Israel
972-73-316-3251
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valuePLTKThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of November 1, 2021, the registrant had 409,634,218 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.



PLAYTIKA HOLDING CORP.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX

Page
PART I.
ITEM 1.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART II.
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
SIGNATURES



CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains or may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this quarterly report, including statements regarding our business strategy, plans and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Further, statements that include words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “present,” “preserve,” “project,” “pursue,” “will,” or “would,” or the negative of these words or other words or expressions of similar meaning may identify forward-looking statements.

We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. The achievement or success of the matters covered by such forward-looking statements involves significant risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including, but not limited to, the important factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and industry. As a result, it is not possible for our management to assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking statements discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated, predicted or implied in the forward-looking statements.

Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from estimates or projections contained in the forward-looking statements include without limitation:

our reliance on third-party platforms, such as the iOS App Store, Facebook, and Google Play Store, to distribute our games and collect revenues, and the risk that such platforms may adversely change their policies;
our reliance on a limited number of games to generate the majority of our revenue;
our reliance on a small percentage of total users to generate a majority of our revenue;
our free-to-play business model, and the value of virtual items sold in our games, is highly dependent on how we manage the game revenues and pricing models;
our inability to make acquisitions and integrate any acquired businesses successfully could limit our growth or disrupt our plans and operations;
we may be unable to successfully develop new games;
our ability to compete in a highly competitive industry with low barriers to entry;
we have significant indebtedness and are subject to the obligations and restrictive covenants under our debt instruments;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and the economy as a whole;
our controlled company status;
legal or regulatory restrictions or proceedings could adversely impact our business and limit the growth of our operations;
risks related to our international operations and ownership, including our significant operations in Israel and Belarus and the fact that our controlling stockholder is a Chinese-owned company;
our reliance on key personnel;
security breaches or other disruptions could compromise our information or our players’ information and expose us to liability; and
our inability to protect our intellectual property and proprietary information could adversely impact our business.

Additional factors that may cause future events and actual results, financial or otherwise, to differ, potentially materially, from those discussed in or implied by the forward-looking statements include the risks and uncertainties discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of
Operations” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report of Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.

Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements for any reason to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations.



Part I.        FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.        FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except for per share data)
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
ASSETS(Unaudited)
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$894.1 $520.1 
Short-term bank deposits100.1  
Restricted cash2.1 3.5 
Accounts receivable135.4 129.3 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets145.5 101.6 
Total current assets1,277.2 754.5 
Property and equipment, net98.6 98.5 
Operating lease right-of-use assets86.4 73.4 
Intangible assets other than goodwill, net437.7 327.7 
Goodwill794.1 484.8 
Deferred tax assets, net27.6 28.5 
Other non-current assets5.8 8.8 
Total assets$2,727.4 $1,776.2 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Current liabilities
Current maturities of long-term debt$12.3 $104.6 
Accounts payable36.6 34.6 
Operating lease liabilities, current18.8 16.4 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities512.9 484.8 
Total current liabilities580.6 640.4 
Long-term debt2,425.8 2,209.8 
Contingent consideration32.2  
Employee related benefits23.3 16.1 
Operating lease liabilities, long-term75.6 67.0 
Deferred tax liabilities97.9 86.4 
Total liabilities3,235.4 3,019.7 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders' equity (deficit)
Common stock of US $0.01 par value; 1,600.0 shares authorized and 409.6 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021; 400.0 shares authorized and 391.1 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020(1)
4.1 3.9 
Additional paid-in capital1,005.0 462.3 
Accumulated other comprehensive income3.1 16.7 
Accumulated deficit(1,520.2)(1,726.4)
Total stockholders' deficit(508.0)(1,243.5)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit$2,727.4 $1,776.2 
_________
(1)    Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the 400-for-1 stock split effected in January 2021. See Note 8, Equity Transactions and Stock Incentive Plan, for details.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
-1-


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions, except for per share data)
(Unaudited)

Three months ended
September 30,
Nine months ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Revenues$635.9 $613.3 $1,934.0 $1,798.0 
Costs and expenses
Cost of revenue179.2 180.2 546.1 538.7 
Research and development91.5 65.5 268.5 192.1 
Sales and marketing141.1 116.7 427.7 367.8 
General and administrative69.6 47.2 241.5 454.5 
Total costs and expenses481.4 409.6 1,483.8 1,553.1 
Income from operations154.5 203.7 450.2 244.9 
Interest expense and other, net24.9 44.8 124.6 149.1 
Income before income taxes129.6 158.9 325.6 95.8 
Provision for income taxes49.1 39.0 119.4 79.7 
Net income80.5 119.9 206.2 16.1 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Foreign currency translation(5.6)8.9 (12.7)8.9 
Change in fair value of derivatives0.8  (0.9) 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)(4.8)8.9 (13.6)8.9 
Comprehensive income$75.7 $128.8 $192.6 $25.0 
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders, basic$0.20 $0.31 $0.50 $0.04 
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders, diluted$0.20 $0.31 $0.50 $0.04 
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income per share attributable to common stockholders, basic409.6 391.1 408.6 382.6 
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income per share attributable to common stockholders, diluted411.6 391.1 410.9 382.6 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

Share capital
SharesAmount
Additional
paid-in
capital
Accumulated
other comprehensive
income (loss)
Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
Balances at January 1, 2021
391.1 $3.9 $462.3 $16.7 $(1,726.4)$(1,243.5)
Net income— — — — 35.7 35.7 
Issuance of common stock in the IPO, net of underwriting commission and offering costs18.5 0.2 467.5 — — 467.7 
Stock-based compensation— — 24.3 — — 24.3 
Issuance of shares upon vesting of RSUs**— — — *
Other comprehensive loss— — — (10.0)— (10.0)
Balances at March 31, 2021409.6 4.1 954.1 6.7 (1,690.7)(725.8)
Net income— — — — 90.0 90.0 
Stock-based compensation— — 25.5 — — 25.5 
Issuance of shares upon vesting of RSUs**— — — *
Other comprehensive income— — — 1.2 — 1.2 
Balances at June 30, 2021409.6 4.1 979.6 7.9 (1,600.7)(609.1)
Net income— — — — 80.5 80.5 
Stock-based compensation— — 25.4 — — 25.4 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (4.8)— (4.8)
Balances at September 30, 2021409.6 $4.1 $1,005.0 $3.1 $(1,520.2)$(508.0)

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Share capital(1)
SharesAmount
Additional
paid-in
capital
Accumulated
other comprehensive
loss
Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
Balances at January 1, 2020
378.0 $3.8 $202.1 $(2.9)$(1,818.5)$(1,615.5)
Net income— — — — 35.8 35.8 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (2.3)— (2.3)
Balances at March 31, 2020378.0 $3.8 $202.1 $(5.2)$(1,782.7)$(1,582.0)
Net loss— — — — (139.6)(139.6)
Share-based compensation— — 260.3 — — 260.3 
Issuance of shares upon vesting of RSUs13.1 0.1 (0.1)— — — 
Shares held for tax withholdings— — (15.7)— — (15.7)
Other comprehensive income— — — 2.3 — 2.3 
Balances at June 30, 2020391.1 $3.9 $446.6 $(2.9)$(1,922.3)$(1,474.7)
Net income— — — — 119.9 119.9 
Share-based compensation— — 4.5 — — 4.5 
Other comprehensive income— — — 8.9 — 8.9 
Balances at September 30, 2020
391.1 $3.9 $451.1 $6.0 $(1,802.4)$(1,341.4)
________
(1)    Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the 400-for-1 stock split effected in January 2021. See Note 8, Equity Transactions and Stock Incentive Plan, for details.

*    Represents an amount less than 0.1 or $0.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

Nine months ended
September 30,
20212020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$206.2 $16.1 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:
Depreciation31.4 26.7 
Amortization of intangible assets71.6 58.3 
Stock-based compensation72.8 264.8 
Amortization of loan discount29.7 11.5 
Change in deferred tax, net(14.7)(4.4)
Loss from foreign currency2.0 2.0 
Non-cash lease expenses(1.9)1.4 
Capital gain from sale of investment(1.2) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities: 
Accounts receivable1.5 (46.4)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(41.7)(0.4)
Accounts payable (3.3)(18.3)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities31.4 22.2 
Net cash provided by operating activities 383.8 333.5 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment(31.5)(41.7)
Capitalization of internal use software costs
(33.6)(22.0)
Purchase of intangible assets
(8.7)(6.3)
Short-term bank deposits(100.0) 
Payments for business combination, net of cash acquired(397.7) 
Other investing activities2.1  
Net cash used in investing activities(569.4)(70.0)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from bank borrowings, net887.7  
Repayments on bank borrowings(960.5) 
Proceeds from issuance of unsecured notes178.9  
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net470.4  
Payment of debt issuance costs(12.0) 
Borrowings under revolving credit facility 250.0 
Repayment of term loan and revolving credit facility (377.1)
Payment of tax withholdings on stock-based payments (15.7)
Payment of deferred offering costs (0.6)
Net cash out flow for business acquisitions and other (4.9)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities564.5 (148.3)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(6.3)(3.6)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash372.6 111.6 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the beginning of the period523.6 272.0 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at the end of the period$896.2 $383.6 

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Nine months ended
September 30,
20212020
Supplemental cash flow disclosures
Cash paid for income taxes$79.8 $54.6 
Cash paid for interest$78.7 $139.2 
Cash received for interest$0.4 $ 
Non-cash financing and investing activities
Lease asset additions$32.9 $17.0 
Capitalization of stock-based compensation costs$2.4 $ 
Accrued offering costs$ $1.5 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(In millions, unless specified otherwise)

NOTE 1.    ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Description of business and organization

Playtika Holding Corporation (“Playtika”) and its subsidiaries (together with Playtika, the “Company”) is one of the world’s leading developers of mobile games creating fun, innovative experiences that entertain and engage its users. It has built best-in-class live game operations services and a proprietary technology platform to support its portfolio of games which enable it to drive strong user engagement and monetization. The Company’s games are free-to-play, and the Company seeks to provide novel, curated in-game content and offers to its users, at optimal points in their game journeys. The Company’s players love the games because they are fun, creative, engaging, and kept fresh through a steady release of new features that are customized for different player segments.

Basis of presentation and consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) and include Playtika and all subsidiaries in which the Company has a controlling financial interest. Control generally equates to ownership percentage, whereby (i) affiliates that are more than 50% owned are consolidated; (ii) investments in affiliates of 50% or less but greater than 20% are generally accounted for using the equity method where the Company has determined that it has significant influence over the entities; and (iii) investments in affiliates of 20% or less are generally accounted for using cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer.

The significant accounting policies referenced in the annual consolidated financial statements of the Company as of December 31, 2020 have been applied consistently in these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been recorded within the accompanying financial statements, consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, and all intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021. For further information, reference is made to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company's financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Use of estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company’s management believes that the estimates, judgments and assumptions used are reasonable based upon information available at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Significant factors, assumptions, and methodologies used in estimating fair value of equity

Prior to its initial public offering of equity in January 2021, the Company, with the assistance of third-party valuation experts, used a combination of the income approach (the discounted cash flow method) and the market approach (a combination of the guideline public company method and the guideline transaction method) to estimate its equity value in connection with its stock-based compensation program discussed below. The income approach involves applying an appropriate risk-adjusted discount rate to projected cash flows based on forecasted revenue and costs. The guideline public company method estimates the value of a company by applying market multiples of publicly traded companies in the same or similar lines of business to the results and projected results of the company being valued. The guideline transaction method estimates the value of a company by applying valuation multiples paid in actual transactions for comparable public and private companies.
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The valuation of the Company’s equity considers a number of objective and subjective factors that it believes market participants would consider, including (a) the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations, including related industry trends affecting its operations; (b) its forecasted operating performance and projected future cash flows; (c) the liquid or illiquid nature of its common stock; (d) the rights and privileges of its common stock; (e) market multiples of its most comparable public peers; and (f) market conditions affecting its industry.

As of each valuation date, financial forecasts were prepared and used in the computation of the estimated fair value of the Company’s equity using both the market and income approaches. The financial forecasts were based on assumed revenue growth rates and operating margin levels that considered past experience and future expectations. The assumed risks associated with achieving these forecasts were assessed in selecting the appropriate cost of capital rates.

The values derived under the market and income approaches were used to determine an initial estimated fair market value of the Company’s equity. The initial estimated value was then subjected to a discount for the lack of marketability based on the impediments to liquidity as a result of the Company’s previous status as a private company, including the lack of publicly available information and the lack of a trading market.

Subsequent to the Company’s initial public offering of equity in January 2021, the Company uses the public trading price of its common stock on the Nasdaq stock exchange as the basis for determining the fair market value for its common stock for purposes of its stock based compensation expense.

There is inherent uncertainty in the Company’s forecasts and projections, and if different assumptions and estimates had been made than those described previously, the amount of the equity valuation and stock-based compensation expense could have been materially different.

Concentration of credit risk and significant customers

Financial instruments, which potentially expose the Company to concentrations of credit risk, consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term bank deposits, restricted cash, accounts receivable and derivative contracts. A large percentage of the Company’s cash is maintained with three financial institutions with high credit standings. The Company performs periodic evaluations of the relative credit standing of these institutions.

Apple, Facebook and Google are significant distribution, marketing, promotion and payment platforms for the Company's games. A significant portion of the Company’s revenues has been generated from players who accessed the Company's games through these platforms. Therefore, the Company's accounts receivable are derived mainly from sales through these three platforms. Accounts receivable are recorded at their transaction amounts and do not bear interest. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers.

The following table summarizes the major accounts receivable of the Company as a percentage of the total accounts receivable as of the dates indicated:
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Apple42%38%
Google34%35%
Facebook8%11%

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase and are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Cash equivalents include investments in money market funds that can be redeemed immediately at the current net asset value per share.
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Restricted cash

Restricted cash primarily consists of deposits to secure obligations under the Company's operating lease agreements and to secure company-issued credit cards.

Short-term bank deposits

Bank deposits with maturities of more than three months but less than one year are included in short-term bank deposits. Such short-term bank deposits are stated at cost which approximates fair market value.

Stock-based compensation expense

The Company has a stock-based compensation program which provides for equity awards including time-based stock options and restricted stock units (“RSUs”). Stock-based compensation expense is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period for the award. The Company records forfeitures as a reduction of stock-based compensation expense as those forfeitures occur.

The Company used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value and compensation cost associated with stock options. As it does not have a history of market prices for its common stock because the stock was not publicly traded prior to January 2021, the Company used observable data for a group of peer companies that grant options with substantially similar terms to assist in developing its volatility assumption. The expected volatility of the stock was determined using weighted average measures of the implied volatility and the historical volatility for the Company’s peer group of companies for a period equal to the expected life of the option. The expected term assumption was derived using the simplified method, which is based on an average between the vesting date and the expiration date of an option. This method was chosen because there was no historical option exercise experience due to the Company being privately held. The weighted-average risk-free interest rate was based on the interest rate for U.S. Treasury bonds. The Company does not anticipate paying cash dividends on its shares of common stock in the future. The stock options have a contractual term of 10 years. Except as provided in an option agreement between the Company and the employee, if an employee is terminated (voluntarily or involuntarily), any unvested awards as of the date of termination will be forfeited.

If factors change and the Company employs different assumptions, stock-based compensation cost on future awards may differ significantly from what the Company has recorded in the past. Higher volatility and longer expected terms result in an increase to stock-based compensation determined at the date of grant. Future stock-based compensation cost and unrecognized stock-based compensation will increase to the extent that the Company grants additional equity awards to employees or assumes unvested equity awards in connection with acquisitions. If there are any modifications or cancellations of the underlying unvested securities, the Company may be required to accelerate any remaining unearned stock-based compensation cost or incur incremental cost.

The Company’s stock-based compensation expense is recorded in the financial statement line item relevant to each of the award recipients. See Note 8, Equity Transactions and Stock Incentive Plan, for additional discussion.

Employee related benefits

Appreciation and retention plan

In August 2019, the Company adopted the Playtika Holding Corp. Retention Plan (the “2021-2024 Retention Plan”) in order to retain key employees and reward them for contributing to the success of the Company. Under the 2021-2024 Retention Plan, eligible employees may be granted retention awards that let them receive their pro rata portion of a retention pool of $25 million per year for each of the plan years, and may also be granted appreciation units which allow the employee to receive their pro-rata portion of an appreciation pool calculated as a specified percentage of Adjusted EBITDA for each of the plan years as described further in Note 13, Appreciation and Retention Plan.

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The value of each unit has been amortized into compensation expense using the straight-line method, which will result in the recognition of compensation costs in the same years as the underlying EBITDA used in the plan measurement is earned.

Derivative Instruments
The Company uses interest rate swap contracts to reduce its exposure to fluctuating interest rates associated with the Company’s variable rate debt, and to effectively increase the portion of debt upon which the Company pays a fixed interest rate. The Company’s interest rate swap agreements are designated as cash flow hedges under ASC 815 involving the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreement, without the exchange of the underlying notional amount. These hedges are highly effective in offsetting changes in the Company’s future expected cash flows due to the fluctuation on the one-month LIBOR rate associated with its variable rate debt.

The Company monitors the effectiveness of its hedges on a quarterly basis, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The Company performed a regression analysis at inception of the hedging relationship and at period end in which it compared the change in the fair value of the swap transaction and the change in fair value of a hypothetical interest rate swap having terms that identically match the terms of the debt's interest rate payments based on 30 observations that are based on historical swap rates. Based on the regression results, the Company believes that, at inception and at period end, the hedging instrument is expected to be highly effective at offsetting changes in the hedged transactions attributable to the risk being hedged. For each future reporting period, the Company will continue performing retrospective and prospective assessments of hedge effectiveness in a single regression analysis by updating the regression analysis that was prepared at inception of the hedging relationship.

The Company uses forward currency derivatives (forward and option contracts) to reduce its exposure to fluctuating exchange rates between the United States dollar (as the Company’s functional currency) and the Company’s local payroll expense incurred in Israel and denominated in Israeli Shekels (“ILS”). The Company’s derivative contracts are designated as cash flow hedges under ASC 815. The Company monitors the effectiveness of its hedges on a quarterly basis, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and expects these hedges to remain highly effective at offsetting fluctuations in exchange rates through their respective maturity dates.

The fair value of derivative financial instruments is recognized as an asset or liability at each balance sheet date, with changes in fair value recorded in other comprehensive income on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income until the future underlying transactions occur.

Net income (loss) per share

For all periods, basic net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted-average common shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per share in profitable periods reflects the effect of all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding by dividing net income by the weighted-average of all common and potentially dilutive shares outstanding. In the event of a loss, diluted shares are not considered because of their anti-dilutive effect.

Accounting standards recently adopted by the Company

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 eliminates certain exceptions related to the approach for intra-period tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. It also clarifies and simplifies other aspects of the accounting for income taxes. This guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted this standard as of January 1, 2021. The adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform, which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by the discontinuation of LIBOR or by another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company has elected to
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apply the hedge accounting expedients related to probability and the assessments of effectiveness for future LIBOR-indexed cash flows to assume that the index upon which future hedged transactions will be based matches the index on the corresponding derivatives. The Company continues to evaluate the potential impacts of ASU 2020-04 and may apply other elections as applicable as additional changes in the market occur.

NOTE 2.    ACQUISITION

Acquisition of Reworks OY

On August 31, 2021, the Company entered into a Share Sale and Purchase Agreement (“SPA”) pursuant to which the Company (i) acquired 80% of all issued and registered shares and issued and registered options (“Share Capital”) of Reworks Oy, a limited liability company incorporated under the laws of Finland (“Reworks”) in exchange for cash consideration of $400 million, subject to customary closing adjustments, and (ii) will acquire the remaining 20% of the Share Capital for additional cash consideration (“Earnout Payment”) in an amount to be determined based on certain performance metrics during the calendar year 2022. The Earnout Payment will be calculated based on the amount of “Company EBITDA” (as defined in the SPA) in calendar year 2022 in excess of $10.3 million multiplied by 6.0, not to exceed $200 million, as further described in the SPA. In the event “Company EBITDA” (as defined in the SPA) is $10.3 million or less, the Earnout Payment will be $1.

The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination with the Company consolidating Reworks subsequent to the August 31, 2021 closing date. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed have been recognized at their estimated fair values at the acquisition date. The goodwill, which is non-deductible for tax purposes, is generally attributable to synergies between the Company's and Reworks' respective studio operations and games. The purchase price allocation is based upon a preliminary valuation, completed by management with the assistance of a third-party valuation firm. Although the Company does not expect material changes to this preliminary valuation, the valuation is not complete, and the review and finalization of this valuation and the associated accounting applied to the acquisition transaction could result in changes to the values assigned to the acquired assets and liabilities based on additional information about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the measurement of the amounts recognized as of that date.

The selling shareholders of Reworks include both third-party investors and certain historical employees of Reworks that will continue as employees of Playtika post-acquisition. As the SPA includes certain forfeiture provisions for selling employee shareholders that will remain as employees of Playtika, the earnout obligation payable to these employee shareholders will be recorded as compensation expense over the period that such payment is earned. The earnout obligation payable to the third-party sellers represents an unconditional obligation of the Company to purchase the remaining Share Capital of Reworks at an agreed upon future date. Therefore, this portion of the total Earnout Payment has been classified as a liability on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet, rather than non-controlling interest. In accordance with ASC 480, this liability has been measured at fair value as of the acquisition date, and will be remeasured to fair value on each subsequent reporting date until the contingency is resolved. The acquisition date fair value of the third-party seller portion of the Earnout Payment was estimated by management, with the assistance of third-party valuation specialists, based upon the probability-weighted fair values of multiple discounted cash flow analyses. The extent to which the actual EBITDA differs from the probability-weighted analysis will result in adjustments to this liability in future periods.

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The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed (in millions):

Consideration
Consideration transferred to Reworks$408.6 
Acquisition date fair value of Earnout Payment32.2 
Total consideration440.8 
Less: Cash acquired(10.9)
Consideration paid as of August 31, 2021$429.9 
Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed
Accounts receivable$9.7 
Property and equipment0.1 
Intangible assets other than goodwill141.0 
Goodwill315.9 
Deferred tax liabilities(28.2)
Liabilities assumed(8.6)
Total identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed$429.9 

The developed game and user base intangible assets acquired and included in the above table are being amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful life of six years and one year, respectively, which approximates the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible assets are expected to be realized.

Transaction costs incurred by the Company in connection with Reworks acquisition, were approximately $0.9 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, and were recorded within general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Pro forma results of operations for this acquisition subsequent to the August 31, 2021 acquisition date have not been presented because the incremental results from Reworks are not material to the consolidated statements of comprehensive income presented herein.

NOTE 3.    GOODWILL

Changes in goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were as follows (in millions):
Nine months ended
September 30, 2021
Balance at beginning of period$484.8 
Goodwill acquired during the period315.9 
Foreign currency translation adjustments(6.6)
Balance at end of period$794.1 

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NOTE 4.    INTANGIBLE ASSETS OTHER THAN GOODWILL, NET

The carrying amounts and accumulated amortization expenses of the acquired intangible assets other than goodwill, net, including the impact of foreign currency exchange translation, at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, were as follows (in millions):
September 30, 2021
Weighted average remaining useful
life (in years)
Balance
December 31,
2020
Historical cost basis
Developed games and acquired technology5.4$611.4 $481.5 
Trademarks and user base0.934.1 19.1 
Internal use software2.897.3 61.5 
742.8 562.1 
Accumulated amortization
Developed games and acquired technology(259.8)(206.2)
Trademarks and user base(20.2)(19.0)
Internal use software(25.1)(9.2)
(305.1)(234.4)
Intangible assets other than goodwill, net$437.7 $327.7 

During the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded amortization expense in the amounts of $25.6 million and $18.6 million, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded amortization expense in the amounts of $71.6 million and $58.3 million, respectively.

As of September 30, 2021, the total expected future amortization related to intangible assets was as follows (in millions):
Remaining 2021$28.1 
2022107.4 
202392.7 
202468.6 
2025 and thereafter140.9 
Total$437.7 


NOTE 5.    ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were as follows (in millions):
September 30,
2021
December 31,
2020
Tax accruals$228.0 $130.5 
Accrued expenses128.5 121.6 
Employees and related expenses127.9 173.8 
Deferred revenues28.5 21.3 
Accrued litigation 37.6 
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities$512.9 $484.8

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NOTE 6.    LEASES

The Company's leases include office real estate and data center leases for its facilities worldwide, which are all classified as operating leases, and which expire on various dates, the latest of which is April 2031. Certain lease agreements include rental payments that are adjusted periodically for the consumer price index (“CPI”). The ROU and lease liability were calculated using the initial CPI and will not be subsequently adjusted. Certain leases include renewal options that are reasonably certain to be exercised.

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases is as follows (in millions):
September 30, 2021
Operating lease right-of-use assets, gross$126.0 
Accumulated amortization(39.6)
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net$86.4 

The following is a summary of weighted average remaining lease terms and discount rates for all of the Company's operating leases:
September 30, 2021
Weighted average remaining lease term (years)6.13
Weighted average discount rates3.5 %

Total operating lease cost was and $5.8 million and $4.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $16.4 million and $11.8 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities was $5.5 million and $3.7 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively and $16.0 million and $10.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Maturities of lease liabilities are as follows as of September 30, 2021 (in millions):
Remaining 2021$5.5 
202222.1 
202319.8 
202417.0 
2025 and thereafter39.6 
Total undiscounted cash flows104.0 
Less: imputed interest(9.6)
Present value of lease liabilities$94.4 

The table above excludes approximately $15 million in lease obligations associated with leases that are currently under negotiation or that start after October 1, 2021.

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NOTE 7.    DEBT
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in millions, except interest rates)
Maturity
Interest
rate
Book value
Face value
Book value
Term Loan20282.835%$1,846.9 $1,890.5 $2,314.4 
Senior Notes20294.250%591.2 600.0  
Revolving Credit Facility2026n/a— — — 
Total debt2,438.1 2,490.5 2,314.4 
Less: Current portion of long-term debt(12.3)(19.0)(104.6)
Long-term debt$2,425.8 $2,471.5 $2,209.8 

Book value of debt in the table above is reported net of deferred financing costs and original issue discount of $52.5 million at September 30, 2021 and deferred financing costs of $60.6 million at December 31, 2020, respectively.

Credit Agreement

On December 10, 2019, the Company entered into $2,750 million of senior secured credit facilities (the "Credit Facilities"), consisting of a $250 million revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Credit Facility"), and a $2,500 million first lien term loan (the "Old Term Loan"). The Credit Facilities were provided pursuant to a Credit Agreement, dated as of December 10, 2019 (the "Credit Agreement"), by and among Playtika, the lenders party thereto, and Credit Suisse, AG, Cayman Islands Branch, as administrative agent (in such capacity, the "Administrative Agent") and collateral agent (in such capacity, the "Collateral Agent"). Proceeds borrowed under the Credit Facilities on the closing date were used to pay off the outstanding balance on the Company’s prior debt facility. On June 15, 2020, the Company increased the capacity of the Revolving Credit Facility to $350 million. On January 15, 2021, the Company increased the borrowing capacity of the Revolving Credit Facility from $350 million to $550 million.

On March 11, 2021, the Company amended the Credit Agreement pursuant to an Incremental Assumption Agreement No. 3 and Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Second Amendment”). The Second Amendment, among other things, effected a refinancing of the Old Term Loan with a new $1.9 billion senior secured first lien term loan borrowed under the Credit Agreement (the “New Term Loan”), increased the Revolving Credit Facility to $600 million and extended the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility to March 11, 2026. The New Term Loan matures on March 11, 2028 and requires scheduled quarterly principal payments in amounts equal to 0.25% of the original aggregate principal amount of the New Term Loan, with the balance due at maturity.

The Credit Agreement allows the Company to request one or more incremental term loan facilities, incremental revolving credit facilities and/or increases to the New Term Loan or the Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate amount of up to the sum of (x) the greater of (1) $800 million and (2) 1.00 times EBITDA (as defined in the Credit Agreement) plus (y) the amount of certain voluntary prepayments of indebtedness plus (z) such additional amount so long as, (i) in the case of loans under additional credit facilities that are secured by liens on the collateral securing the Credit Agreement, the Company's net total secured leverage ratio on a pro forma basis would not exceed 3.50 to 1.00 (or in the case of incremental facilities to fund certain investments and acquisitions, the net total secured leverage ratio immediately prior to such incurrence) and (iii) in the case of any other loans under additional credit facilities, the Company's fixed charge coverage ratio on a pro forma basis would not be less than 2.00 to 1.00 (or in the case of incremental facilities to fund certain investments and acquisitions, the fixed charge coverage ratio immediately prior to such incurrence), in each case, subject to certain conditions and receipt of commitments by existing or additional financial institutions or institutional lenders.

All future borrowings under the Credit Agreement are subject to the satisfaction of customary conditions, including the absence of a default and the accuracy of representations and warranties, subject to certain exceptions.

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Interest and Fees

Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate equal to, at the Company’s option, either (a) LIBOR determined by reference to the cost of funds for Eurodollar deposits for the interest period relevant to such borrowing, adjusted for certain additional costs, subject to a floor of 0% or (b) a base rate determined by reference to the highest of (i) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (ii) the prime rate as determined by the administrative agent and (iii) the one-month adjusted LIBOR rate plus 1.00%, in each case plus an applicable margin. Such applicable margin is (x) with respect to the New Term Loan, 2.75% per annum in the case of any LIBOR loan or 1.75% per annum in the case of any base rate loan, subject to one 0.25% step-down based on the Company’s credit ratings and (y) in the case of the Revolving Credit Facility, a range from 2.25% to 3.00% per annum in the case of any LIBOR loan and a range from 1.25% to 2.00% per annum in the case of any base rate loan, based on the Company’s net senior secured leverage ratio.

In addition, on a quarterly basis, the Company is required to pay each lender under the Revolving Credit Facility a commitment fee in respect of any unused commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility in the amount of 0.50% of the principal amount of the daily unused commitments of such lender, subject to stepdowns to 0.375% and 0.25% based upon the Company’s net senior secured leverage ratio. The Company is also required to pay customary agency fees as well as letter of credit participation fees on outstanding letters of credit.

The Credit Agreement permits voluntary prepayments and requires mandatory prepayments in certain events including, among others, 50% (subject to step-downs to 25% and 0% based upon the Company’s net total secured leverage ratio) of the Company's excess cash flow to the extent such amount exceeds $10 million, certain net cash proceeds from non-ordinary assets sale transactions (subject to reinvestment rights), and 100% of net proceeds of any issuance of debt (except for debt permitted to be incurred by the Credit Agreement).

Collateral and Guarantors

The borrowings under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by certain material, wholly-owned restricted subsidiaries of the Company, and are secured by a pledge of substantially all of the existing and future property and assets of the Company and the guarantors (subject to exceptions), including a pledge of the capital stock of the domestic subsidiaries held by the Company and the domestic guarantors and 65% (or 100% in the case of certain of the guarantors) of the capital stock of the first-tier foreign subsidiaries held by the Company and the domestic guarantors, in each case subject to exceptions.

The Credit Agreement requires that the Company and the guarantors (a) generate at least 80.0% of the EBITDA of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries for the four fiscal quarters most recently ended prior to the end of each fiscal quarter and (b) own all "Material Intellectual Property" (defined as any intellectual property rights consisting of registered trademarks or copyrights subsisting in the name or logo of any game that generates more than 5% of the EBITDA of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries for the then most recently ended four fiscal quarters) on the last day of the four fiscal quarters most recently ended prior to the end of each fiscal quarter. If the Company and the guarantors do not satisfy such requirement, then the Company must cause sufficient additional subsidiaries (which, subject to certain limitations, may include guarantors located in jurisdictions other than the United States, England and Wales and the State of Israel) to become guarantors in order to satisfy such requirement. During the quarter ended September 30, 2021, the Company voluntarily designated certain subsidiaries in Germany, Austria and Finland as additional guarantors. As of September 30, 2021, the Company was in compliance with these requirements.

Restrictive Covenants

The Revolving Credit Facility includes a maximum first-priority net senior secured leverage ratio financial maintenance covenant of 6.25 to 1.0. At September 30, 2021, the Company’s first-priority net senior secured leverage ratio was 1.04 to 1.0.

In addition, the Credit Agreement includes negative covenants, subject to certain exceptions, restricting or limiting the Company's ability and the ability of its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things: (i) make non-ordinary course dispositions of assets; (ii) make certain mergers and acquisitions; (iii) complete dividends and stock repurchases and optional redemptions (and optional prepayments) of subordinated debt; (iv) incur indebtedness; (v) make certain loans and
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investments; (vi) incur liens and certain fixed charges; (vii) transact with affiliates; (viii) change the business of the Company and its restricted subsidiaries; (ix) enter into sale/leaseback transactions; (x) allow limitations on negative pledges and the ability of restricted subsidiaries to pay dividends or make distributions; (xi) change the fiscal year and (xii) modify subordinated debt documents. Under the Credit Agreement, the Company may be required to meet specified leverage ratios or fixed charge coverage ratios in order to take certain actions, such as incurring certain debt or liens or making certain investments.

Expenses Related to Modification of Debt

The Company accounts for the restructuring of its debt agreements in accordance with the accounting standards applicable to troubled debt restructuring, debt modification and debt extinguishment. Under the applicable accounting standards, the Company determined that the March 2021 financing transactions qualified for modification accounting. As a result, the Company expensed $14.5 million related to the debt modification, wrote off $22.9 million of previously deferred financing costs related to the modification of debt related to the Company’s Old Term Loan and carried over $34.9 million of deferred financing costs to the New Term Loan.

Offering of 4.250% Senior Notes due 2029

Indenture

On March 11, 2021, the Company issued $600.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.250% senior notes due 2029 (the “Notes”) under an indenture, dated March 11, 2021 (the “Indenture”), among the Company, the subsidiary guarantors party thereto and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (the “Trustee”).

Maturity and Interest

The Notes mature on March 15, 2029. Interest on the Notes will accrue at a rate of 4.250% per annum. Interest on the Notes payable semi-annually in cash in arrears on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commenced on September 15, 2021.

Guarantees

The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis by the Company’s existing and future restricted subsidiaries that guarantee the obligations under the Credit Agreement (the “subsidiary guarantors”).

Ranking

The Notes and the note guarantees rank equally in right of payment to all of the Company’s and the subsidiary guarantors’ existing and future senior indebtedness and senior in right of payment to all of the Company’s and the subsidiary guarantors’ future subordinated indebtedness. The Notes and the note guarantees are effectively subordinated to any of the Company’s and the subsidiary guarantors’ existing and future secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness, including indebtedness outstanding under the Credit Agreement. In addition, the Notes and the note guarantees are structurally subordinated to the existing and future liabilities of the Company’s non-guarantor subsidiaries.

Redemption

The Company may redeem the Notes at any time prior to March 15, 2024, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the accrued principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date, plus a make-whole premium.

The Company may redeem the Notes at any time on or after March 15, 2024, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to (i) 102.125% of the principal amount thereof, should such redemption occur before March 15, 2025, (ii) 101.063% of the principal amount thereof, should such redemption occur before March 15, 2026, and (iii) 100.000% of the principal amount
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thereof, should such redemption occur on or after March 15, 2026, in each case plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date.

In addition, at any time prior to March 15, 2024, the Company may redeem up to 40% of the original aggregate principal amount of all Notes issued with the net cash proceeds from certain equity offerings at a redemption price of 104.250% of the principal amount redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the redemption date, so long as at least 50% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes remains outstanding immediately after the occurrence of such redemption, and the redemption date is within 90 days of the consummation of any such equity offering.

Covenants

The Indenture contains customary covenants that limit the Company’s ability and, in certain instances, the ability of the Company’s subsidiaries, to borrow money, create liens on assets, make distributions and pay dividends on or redeem or repurchase stock, make certain types of investments, sell stock in certain subsidiaries, enter into agreements that restrict dividends or other payments from subsidiaries, enter into transactions with affiliates, issue guarantees of indebtedness, and sell assets or merge with other companies. These limitations are subject to a number of important exceptions and qualifications set forth in the Indenture.

Change of Control

In the event of a change of control, the Company must offer to repurchase the Notes at a repurchase price equal to 101% of the aggregate principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the repurchase date.

Events of Default

Events of default under the Indenture include, among others, the following with respect to the Notes: default which continues for 30 days in the payment of interest on the Notes; default in payment of the principal of, or premium, if any, on the Notes; failure to comply with certain covenants in the Indenture for 60 days (or 120 days with respect to the covenant relating to the provision of financial reports) upon the receipt of notice from the Trustee or holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes; acceleration or payment default of indebtedness of the Company or certain of its subsidiaries in excess of a specified amount that remains uncured following the applicable grace period provided in such indebtedness; final judgments against the Company or certain of its subsidiaries in excess of a specified amount that remains unpaid for 45 days; and certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to the Company or certain of its subsidiaries. In the case of an event of default arising from certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency with respect to the Company or certain of its subsidiaries, all Notes then outstanding will become due and payable immediately without further action or notice. If any other event of default occurs with respect to the Notes, the Trustee or holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes may declare all Notes then outstanding to be due and payable immediately.

Scheduled Principal Payments of Long-Term Debt

The scheduled principal payments due on long-term debt are as follows (in millions):
Remaining 2021$4.8 
202219.0 
202319.0 
202419.0 
2025 and thereafter2,428.7 
Total$2,490.5 

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NOTE 8.    EQUITY TRANSACTIONS AND STOCK INCENTIVE PLAN

Equity Transactions

On May 26, 2020, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (the “Stock Split”) to increase the authorized number of shares of the Company’s common stock from ten (10) shares to one million (1,000,000) shares, to decrease the par value of each share of common stock of the Company from $1.00 per share to $0.01 per share, and to reclassify each share of common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Stock Split into 94,500 shares of common stock.

On January 5, 2021, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amended and restated certificate of incorporation of the Company effecting an additional 400-for-1 stock split of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock and an increase to the authorized shares of our common stock and preferred stock to 1.6 billion shares and 100 million shares, respectively. The split and the increase in authorized shares of the Company’s common stock was effected on January 6, 2021 without any change in the par value per shares.

All information herein related to the Company’s common stock and stock awards has been retroactively adjusted to give effect to both the May 26, 2020 stock split and the January 5, 2021 stock split.

Overview of Stock Incentive Plan

On May 26, 2020, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the Playtika Holding Corp. 2020 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan authorizes the issuance of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), dividend equivalents, stock appreciation rights, performance bonus awards and other incentive awards. The Plan authorizes the grant of awards to employees, non-employee directors and consultants of the Company.

The maximum number of shares of the Company’s common stock for which grants may be made under the Plan was 42,190,299 shares as of September 30, 2021. As of September 30, 2021, a total of 1,854,200 shares of the Company’s common stock remained available for grants of awards under the Plan.

Stock Options

The following table summarizes the Company’s stock option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2021:

WeightedWeighted
StockAverageAverageIntrinsic
OptionsRemainingExerciseValue
OutstandingTerm (in years)Price(in millions)
Outstanding at January 1, 2021
8,000,000 9.5$18.71 
Granted8,857,172 $26.77 
Exercised 
Cancelled(697,359)$26.95 
Expired 
Outstanding at September 30, 2021
16,159,813 9.04$22.77 $78.5 
Exercisable at September 30, 2021
2,000,000 8.73$18.71 $17.8 

The Company will issue new shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options.

The Company used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value and compensation cost associated with employee stock options, which is affected by the following assumptions regarding complex and subjective variables. Any changes in these assumptions may materially affect the estimated fair value of the stock-based award.

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Fair value of common stock - Prior to the Company’s initial public offering of equity in January 2021, as the Company’s common stock was not publicly traded, the fair value of common stock was estimated by valuation reports prepared by third-party valuation specialists using multiple methods, as more fully discussed in Note 1, Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. Subsequent to the Company’s initial public offering, the Company uses the public trading price of its common stock on the Nasdaq stock market to determine the fair value of its common stock.

Expected volatility – Prior to the Company’s initial public offering of equity in January 2021, as the Company was a private company at the time of valuation, the Company estimated volatility based on the volatilities exhibited by comparable public companies and the Company’s capital structure and utilized the observable data for a group of peer companies that grant options with substantially similar terms to assist in developing its volatility assumption. Subsequent to the Company’s initial public offering, the Company continues to estimate volatility in the same manner as it has not yet established sufficient history to estimate volatility of its own.

Risk-free interest rate - The risk-free interest rate was estimated based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant and with maturities consistent with the expected term of the respective equity option award.

Expected term - The Company estimated the expected term based on the average time between the vesting date and expiration date, ten years after the grant date, of the respective equity option award.

Expected dividend yield - The Company does not anticipate paying cash dividends on its shares of common stock; therefore, the expected dividend yield was assumed to be zero.

The options granted during 2020 vest over four years, with 25% vesting on each of the four anniversaries of the grant date. For options granted during 2021, 25% of the options generally vest on the first anniversary of the grant date, and the remaining 75% of the options vest in equal quarterly installments during the three years following the first anniversary of the grant date. The stock options have a contractual term of ten years. Except as provided in an option agreement between the Company and the employee, if an employee is terminated (voluntarily or involuntarily), any unvested awards as of the date of termination will be forfeited.

RSUs

The majority of RSUs granted on June 26, 2020 vested immediately, while the remaining RSUs granted on June 26, 2020 vested 25% immediately, and 25% vest on each of the first three anniversaries of the grant date.

In October 2020, the Company’s board of directors approved the issuance of 5,854,800 RSUs. The RSUs vest over four years, with 25% of the RSUs vesting on each of December 31, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024, subject to continued service on the applicable vesting date.

For RSUs granted during 2021, 25% of the RSUs generally vest on the first anniversary of the grant date, and the remaining 75% of the RSUs vest in equal quarterly installments during the three years following the first anniversary of the grant date. Except as provided in an award agreement between the Company and the employee, if an employee is terminated (voluntarily or involuntarily), any unvested awards as of the date of termination will be forfeited. RSUs settle for outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock upon vesting.

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The following table summarizes the Company’s RSU activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2021:
WeightedTotal Fair
AverageValue of
Grant DateShares Vested
SharesFair Value(in millions)
Outstanding at January 1, 2021
5,944,800 $21.04 
Granted
5,539,800 $31.00 
Vested
(48,518)$23.90 $1.3 
Cancelled
(375,514)$31.47 
Outstanding at September 30, 2021
11,060,568 $25.66 

Stock-Based Compensation

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation costs by award type (in millions):
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Stock options$8.9 $4.3 $26.3 $4.5 
RSUs16.5 0.2 48.9 260.3 
Total stock-based compensation costs
$25.4 $4.5 $75.2 $264.8 


The following table summarizes stock-based compensation costs, net of amounts capitalized, as reported on the Company’s consolidated statement of comprehensive income (in millions):
Three months ended September 30,Nine months ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Research and development expenses$4.8 $0.3 $18.3 $0.3 
Sales and marketing expenses2.4 0.2 8.4 0.2 
General and administrative expenses15.8 4.0 46.1 264.3 
Total stock-based compensation costs, net of amounts capitalized$23.0 $4.5 $72.8 $264.8 

During each of three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company capitalized $2.4 million of stock-based compensation cost.

As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s unrecognized stock-based compensation expenses related to stock options was approximately $116.0 million, which are expected to be recognized over a period of 3.1 years. As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s unrecognized stock-based compensation expenses related to unvested restricted stock units was approximately $229.1 million, which are expected to be recognized over a period of 3.3 years.

NOTE 9.     DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

Interest Rate Swap Agreements

In March 2021, the Company entered into two interest rate swap agreements, each with a notional value of $250 million. Each of these swap agreements is with a different financial institution as the counterparty to reduce the Company’s counterparty risk. Each swap requires the Company to pay a fixed interest rate of 0.9275% in exchange for receiving one-month LIBOR. The interest rate swap agreements settle monthly commencing in April 2021 through their termination dates on April 30, 2026. The estimated fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements is derived from a discounted cash
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flow analysis. The aggregate fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements was a liability of $1.5 million as of September 30, 2021 and was recorded between accrued expenses and other current liabilities and other non-current assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets based upon the timing of the underlying expected cash flows.

Foreign currency hedge agreements

The Company has also entered into multiple derivative contracts for the future purchase of ILS. At September 30, 2021, the Company had derivative contracts outstanding for an aggregate purchase of 243.5 million ILS, all which mature within the following 12 months. The aggregate fair value of the Company’s derivative contracts was $0.5 million as of September 30, 2021 and was recorded in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and other non-current assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

NOTE 10.    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The Company accounts for fair value in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures ("ASC 820"). Fair value is defined under ASC 820 as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The Company uses a three-tier hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

The first two levels in the hierarchy are considered observable inputs and the last is considered unobservable. The carrying value of accounts receivable and payables and the Company's cash and cash equivalents, short-term bank deposits and restricted cash, approximates fair value due to the short time to expected payment or receipt of cash.

The following table summarizes the fair value measurement of the Company’s long-term debt at September 30, 2021 (in millions):
September 30, 2021
Face ValueFair ValueFair Value Hierarchy
Term Loan$1,890.5 $1,890.5 Level 2
Senior Notes600.0 609.8 Level 2
Total debt$2,490.5 $2,500.3 

The estimated fair value of the Company’s term loan is based upon the prices at which the Company’s debt traded in the days immediately preceding the balance sheet date. As the trading volume of the Company’s debt is low relative to the overall debt balance, the Company does not believe that the associated transactions represent an active market, and therefore this indication of value represents a level 2 fair value input.

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The following table sets forth the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at September 30, 2021 (in millions):
Fair Value at
Pricing
Category
September 30, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents
Money market fundsLevel 1$240.0 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Derivative instruments - foreign currency derivative contractsLevel 2$